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实用英语写作技巧 英文书信写作

更新时间:2011-09-01    来源/发布:www.en369.cn    作者/编辑:英语作文网

英文书信写作English Letter Writing

  33.1 Introduction

  Letter writing tests the English letter writing skill of the examinees.In this unit,we are going to focus on different types of letter writing,their form and language.We will also give you some advice on how to write an effective English letter.

  33.2 Type of letters(信的类型)

  English letters are generally divided into two types:

  a.personal letters个人书信

  b.business letters事务书信

  33.3 Form(格式)

  An English letter usually consists of six parts:heading(信头),inside address(收信人地址),salutation(称呼),body(信主体),complimentary close(结尾客套语)and signature(署名)。

  1)Heading:In the upper right hand corner of the first page,write your full address and the date.

  2)Inside Address:On the left side,above the salutation,put the name and full address of the addressee.However,this is often omitted in personal letters.

  3)Salutation:The greeting to the addressee,written flush with the left margin,two spaces below the inside address.A comma follows the salutation in a personal letter;in a business letter,it is followed by a colon(:)。Besides,in personal letters,first names are usually used,while in business letters,the surnames are used.

  4)Body:The contents of the letter.

  5)Complimentary Close:The closing of a letter.

  The conventional complimentary closes in business letters are:“Yours truly,”“Yours sincerely,”“Sincerely yours,”“Sincerely,”“Cordially yours,”“Yours cordially,”etc.

  The close of a personal letter is of a more free choice.“Yours,”Affectionately,“Fondly,”“Yours with love,”“Love,”“With best wishes,”etc.

  6)Signature:Put your name(always handwritten)。

  The table below will give you a more visual presentation of the letter form:

  33.4 Language(语言)

  The style and tone of a personal letter(个人书信的写作风格和笔调)differ from those of a business letter.While the former is casual(随便自然),the latter is formal(正规)。A business letter should be polite in tone(笔调客气),exact and concise in wording(选词精确、恰当)。However,for either of them,the style should be clear and direct(清晰、达意)。Also,paragraphs in business letters tend to be short.The first and last paragraphs are usually single-sentence paragraphs.

  33.5 Advice on How to Write English Letters in CET—4Exams

  1)Carefully read the directions and the requirements,distinguish the type of the letter:a personal letter or a business letter.

  2)Be clear about the purpose of the writing,and what you are to express in the letter.

  3)Write according to the appropriate form.Pay attention to the different writing requirements of a personal and business letter.

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