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追溯元宵节的起源

更新时间:2010-03-03    来源/发布:www.en369.cn    作者/编辑:英语阅读网

The Lantern Festival falls on the 15th day of the 1st lunarmonth, usually in February or March in the Gregorian calendar. As early as the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 25), it had become a festival with great significance.

元宵节是在阴历的元月15号,通常在阳历的二月或者三月。早在西汉时期(公元前206年-公元25年)元宵节就已经成为具有重要意义的节日。
This day's important activity is watching lanterns. Throughout the Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 220), Buddhism flourished in China. One emperor heard that Buddhist monks would watch sarira, or remains from the cremation of Buddha's body, and light lanterns to worship Buddha on the 15th day of the 1st lunar month, so he ordered to light lanterns in the imperial palace and temples to show respect to Buddha on this day. Later, the Buddhist rite developed into a grandfestival among common people and its influence expanded from the Central Plains to the whole of China.

这一天重要的活动就是看灯啦。早在公元前206年至公元220年的汉代,佛教就在中国盛行。有一位帝王听说僧侣可以看到舍利,也就是佛被火化后留存在体内的东西,在阴历的正月十五这一天点灯敬拜佛祖,于是这位帝王就命令这一天在他的宫殿和庙宇里点灯以表现他对佛祖的尊敬。此后,这项佛教仪式发展成为普通民众的盛大节日,它的影响力从中原地区一直蔓延到整个中国。

Till today, the lantern festival is still held each year around the country. Lanterns of various shapes and sizes are hung in the streets, attracting countless visitors. Children will hold self-made or bought lanterns to stroll with on the streets, extremely excited.

直到今天,全国上下每年都会过元宵节。不同形状和大小的灯笼会悬挂在街上,吸引无数的游人。孩子们会拿着自制的或买来的灯笼在街上闲逛,十分开心。

"Guessing lantern riddles"is an essential part of the Festival. Lantern owners write riddleson a piece of paper and post them on the lanterns. If visitors have solutions to the riddles, they can pull the paper out and go to the lantern owners to check their answer. If they are right, they will get a little gift. The activity emerged during people's enjoyment of lanterns in the Song Dynasty (960-1279). As riddle guessing is interesting and full of wisdom, it has become popular among all social strata.

“猜灯谜”是节日的核心部分。灯笼的主人会将谜语写在一张纸条上并贴在灯笼上。如果游客能解开灯谜,他们就能将纸条拿下来去灯笼的主人那看答案是否正确。如果答案是对的,他们将会得到一份小礼物。这项活动最早在宋朝(公元960-1279)出现,当人们在赏灯的时候开始。由于猜灯谜极具趣味性,又需要动脑筋,所以后来在全社会各阶层中收到普遍欢迎。

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