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世界最大的上市公司们的透明度如何?

更新时间:2012-09-10    来源/发布:www.en369.cn    作者/编辑:英语作文网

Business.

商业。

Corporate transparency.

公司透明度。

Measuring mud.

度量一团烂泥。

How transparent are the world's biggest listed companies?

世界最大的上市公司们的透明度如何?

ARE you cheating on your spouse? If so, please stand up and declare it. Total silence? What virtuous readers The Economist has.

你有欺骗你的伴侣吗? 如果有,请站出来,(大声)承认你的所作所为。 一言不发? 《经济学家》的读者们都是这样的品德高尚啊。

Trying to measure corruption is a bit like surveying adultery. Those who indulge in it are unlikely to admit it. So when surveying big companies, Transparency International (TI), an anti-corruption watchdog, asks a different question: how transparent are you?

尝试去估量(组织机构的)贪腐的程度深浅,看起来有点像是调查(人们的)通奸的情况如何。 那些在这方面放纵自己的人们不太可能承认自己的行为。 所以当透明国际,一个反腐败检查组织,在调查大公司的透明度时,问了一个不太一样的问题:你们有多透明?

Its latest survey, "Transparency in Corporate Reporting", looks at the world's 105 biggest listed firms. It measures three things. First, a company's internal rules and procedures to prevent corruption. Second, the transparency of its organisational structure. Third, TI asks whether a firm publishes detailed financial information about its activities in every country where it operates, including how much it pays in taxes and royalties to each government.

该组织去年的调查工作,"公司报表中的透明度",涉及了全球105家最大的上市公司。 调查衡量了三项指标。 首先,公司内部杜绝贪腐规定与程序。 其次,公司的组织结构透明度。 再次,透明国际询问他们是否在每一个有自己公司运营的国家,都公开了,关于各项经济活动的详细财务报告,其中的信息包括公司付了多少税费和"使用费"给当地政府。

Most firms in the sample have strict rules barring bribery. The average score on this count was 69%, up from 47% in 2009, the last time TI conducted a similar exercise. Many firms also disclose ample details about which holding company owns which subsidiary, and so forth. Of the 105 companies, 45 scored a perfect 100% for organisational transparency.

抽样样本中,大多数公司都有严格的规定,以用来禁绝行贿受贿。 在这方面的平均得分是69%,较2009年,上一次透明国际进行同类调查时的数字——47%,上涨了不少。 很多公司也披露了大量的,关与母公司与子公司控股情况等等方面的详细信息。 而在105家公司中,有45家在组织结构透明度中得到了完美的100分。

On the third measure, however, most firms remained tight-lipped. This does not mean they have done anything illegal. Suppose a mining firm pays $10m to a government for a licence to dig. The fee may be legitimate, but the government may wish to keep it secret, to make it easier to embezzle. A company that is completely transparent may find it hard to win any more contracts from dodgy governments, which, alas, control a lot of the world's natural resources. Statoil, Norway's state-controlled oil-and-gas firm, was by far the best performer (see table), yet it scored only 50% on this measure. More than a third of firms scored zero; the average was a meagre 4%.

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