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威尼斯商人 The Merchant of Venice

来源:未知  作者:佚名  时间:2021-03-28  
The Merchant of Venice
 
故事梗概

 

 

《威尼斯商人》写于1597年,是莎士比亚早期的喜剧作品。家道中落的威尼斯贵族青年巴萨尼奥( Bassanio) ,为了向富家女鲍西娅( Portia)求婚,向好友安东尼奥( Antonio)求助。但安东尼奥的所有资产都押在海运的一批货物上,资金周转不开,无奈之下向犹太人夏洛克( Shylock)借了高利贷,三月为限,并以自己身上的一磅肉作保。巴萨尼奥赢得美人芳心,但安东尼奥的货船失事,无力如期还债。虽然巴萨尼奥愿加倍偿还,但心怀恶意的夏洛克执意要履行契约。众人一筹莫展。最后,鲍西娅装扮成罗马的青年博士,用智慧拯救了安东尼奥,于是故事才有了圆满的结局。这部喜剧讴歌友谊、忠诚与爱情的力量,也塑造了勇敢机智的女性形象。值得注意的是,虽然莎士比亚对高利贷者夏洛克的贪婪进行了嘲讽和谴责,但又对因种族歧视遭受不公待遇的犹太人夏洛克表示了充分的同情。因此,也有学者指出: “莎士比亚永远站在被压迫的人那一边。”这种同情也是莎士比亚人文精神的体现。
作品人物

威尼斯商人 The Merchant of Venice威尼斯商人 The Merchant of Venice

 

Shylock: Shylock is a Jewish moneylender of notable prominence in Venice. He is horribly mistreated by the Christian characters, especially Antonio, and seeks to enact his revenge by forcing Antonio to stick to the bond that he signs: money in exchange for a pound of his flesh. While he does demonstrate many of the stereotypes wrongfully attributed to Jewish people, Shylock reveals his very human motivations in eloquent speeches and dialogue. He remains the only truly faithful person in the play and the only character who is not deceitful.

 

Antonio: Antonio is a merchant who has formidable love for Bassanio, another merchant. Antonio’s love has often been interpreted as unrequited love that drives him to sign a bond with Shylock that puts his own life in danger. Antonio is marked by his melancholy, loyalty, and extreme hatred for Jews.

 

Bassanio: Bassanio is an irresponsible merchant who loses all of his money when his ships do not come back from sea. Throughout the play, Bassanio behaves selfishly and seems oblivious to Antonio’s feelings.

 

Portia: Portia is a rich heiress who is both intelligent and beautiful. Her father devises a riddle for suitors to solve in order to win her hand in marriage, at which Bassanio succeeds. Portia’s ability to manipulate situations allows her to control not only her own happy ending but also the outcome of the play.

人物分析

 

Shylock这个人物形象分析很重要,到目前为止,要记下的人物形象有The Canterbury Tales(坎特伯雷故事集)中的The wife of Barth(巴斯妇),Hamlet(哈姆雷特)中的Hamlet,然后就是Shylock,大家可以在记笔记时候把人物形象放在一起。

Shylock分析

 

Shylock这个人物塑造的比较丰满,可以说是一个圆形人物的代表,不像Dickens(狄更斯)作品里的人物好的人太好,跟天使一样,坏的人太坏,叫人恨到骨子里。

1,Shylock是个小气鬼(miser),视钱如命,当他得知自己女儿拿着自己的珠宝私奔的时候,甚至诅咒自己的女儿,希望她死掉。

2,Shylock也很残忍(cruel),因为他想要从Antonio身上切下一磅肉

3,但是Shylock这样残忍是有原因的,因为Antonio曾经侮辱过他,叫他a cut-throat dog,还冲他吐痰(Antonio spat on Shylock)并且没有跟他道歉

4,Shylock在社会上其实活的很艰难,他唯一获得收入来源的方式就是用他的金子来获得利息(the gold is the only means by which he makes a living) 他一方面不被Jews接受(not accepted by the Jews),虽然他是Jews,但是他放贷为生不被接受。因为他另一方面也不被Christians接受,因为他是个Jews。所以他可以说没有任何的归属感

Shakespeare并没有将人物刻版化,Shylock的人物刻画体现了Shakespeare的人文主义思想(humanism)

其中还有女主人公的形象,总之一顿夸就对了,有智慧沉着冷静等等,然后再写她展现出了Shakespeare对于女性的观念,他是平等的看待女性的,Portia是他笔下穿裙子的英雄。

辨认段落没有给大家选,但是记住了人物名称,再根据里面人物说的话都会辨认出来的。

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