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来源:未知  作者:佚名  时间:2021-04-02  



  sb agree with sb 同意某人的话,意见

  sth agree with sb 某物,某事适应某人

  agree to sb 建议

  agree on /upon sth 在某一点上取得一致意见

  agree to do sth 同意干某事


  all by oneself 独立,单独

  above all 首先,特别是,最重要的是

  after all 到底,毕竟

  first of all 首先

  in all 总共

  most of all最重要的是

  all at once 突然,同时,马上

  all of a sudden 突然地;出乎意料地

  all right 好吧,行,情况不错

  all sorts of 各种各样的

  all kinds of 各种各样的

  all the best 万事如意

  all the more 更加

  all the same 尽管如此,仍旧(照样)

  all the year round 一年到头



  as a matter of fact 事实上

  as a rule 通常

  as a result作为结果,因此

  as a whole 总的来说

  as if(as though) 好像

  as follows 如下

  as for 就……而言

  as(so) long as 只要

  as soon as 一……就

  as soon as possible 尽快

  as usual 象往常一样

  as well 也,还

  as well as 同……一样

  might(may) as well 不妨

  so as to 以便


  at a time 一次,每次

  at breakfast 早餐时,正在吃早饭

  at first 最初

  at home 在家在国内

  at last最后,终于

  at least 至少

  at (the) most至多,不超过

  at one time 以前,曾经

  at once 立刻,马上

  at night 在夜里,在晚上

  at midnight 在半夜

  at present 目前,现在

  at times有时候

  at sea在大海上,在航行

  at one’s own expense 自费

  at the bottom 在底端

  at the end (of) 最后,尽头

  at the latest 最迟

  at the mercy of 在……的支配下

  at the head of 在……的前头

  at the moment 此刻

  at the same time 同时

  at work 在工作

  laugh at 嘲笑

  throw at向……扔去

  work hard at 努力工作(学习)


  by accident偶然地

  by air(sea,bus…)乘飞机(乘船,乘公共汽车……)

  by chance 碰巧,偶然地

  by day(night) 在白天(夜晚)

  day by day 一天天地

  by and by 不久迟早

  by far ...得多;最...;显然

  learn (know)by heart 记熟,背诵

  by mistake 错误地,由于疏忽所致

  by oneself 独自地

  one by one 一个一个地

  by the way 顺便说(问)

  by turns 轮流

  side by side 肩并肩,并排,一起

  by the side of 在……附近


  break away from摆脱(束缚), 从…脱离戒掉

  break down (机器、车辆等)坏了,(身体)垮了,(会谈)破裂

  break forth  迸发,突然(多用于发出欢呼,愤怒等)

  break in 非法闯入,插嘴,打岔,

  break into破门而入,打断,占用= burst into

  break in和break into 都有“强行闯入”的意思,如接宾语用break into,否则用break in

  break off突然停止讲话 中断,打断,折断,解除(婚约)

  break out(战争、火灾、疾病)爆发,突然发生

  break through 突破,打破

  break up 打碎,分解,结束,解散,(情感)崩溃,停课


  bring about 引起,导致= result in ; lead to; cause

  bring down 使倒下,使下降,击落,推翻

  bring forth 引起,使产生

  bring in 收(庄稼),提出,(使)得到(收入),引入,增加,把……扯起来

  bring on 使发生,引起

  bring out出版,说明;阐明,使…显露/出现/鲜明

  bring back 带回来,使…想起,使回忆起 = call up; remind sb. of

  bring off 使实现,做成(=succeed in doing sth. Very difficult)

  bring up sb 抚养某人

  bring up sth 提出

  bring up 呕吐

  bring to an end 结束=come to an end


  call on sb 拜访,号召

  call at(a place) 访问(某人的家);(火车、船)停靠

  call for 需要 And there's a phone call for you, Mr. Bennett. Bennett先生有你的电话。

  call for sb 去接某人一起去做某事

  call off 取消(计划,比赛)

  call out (call out+to sb.)大声地叫

  call up sb  给……打电话,征召(入伍),叫……起床,使想起(往事)

  call in 请进来


  carry out 实行、执行

  carry on 继续,进行,开展

  carry away 拿走,入迷,被...吸引

  carry forward 推进,发扬(精神)

  carry off 赢得,获得,成功的对付,不费劲的处理(大多数人认为难以应付的事)

  carry through 顺利实现,完成计划

  carry sb through 帮助...渡过难关

  carry through(on/with sth)履行(承诺)

  He has proved he can carry through on his promises


  catch up on sth 补做(未做的事) ;赶做

  catch on 抓牢,理解,流行

  catch at 想抓住,渴望得到

  be caught in the rain 被雨淋

  catch up with 赶上,达到(某水平),追上(某人)


  clear up (天气)转晴,痊愈 ,整理收拾

  clear away 清除掉,去掉,消散

  clear off 摆脱, 把...空出,散开


  come about 发生,造成

  come across (偶然地)遇见,找到,想到,越过

  come along 跟…..一道去,赶快,进行,进展

  come down 下降,下落,传下来

  come into power(office) 执政,就职

  come into use投入使用

  come into effect 开始生效

  come out 出来,出版,发行

  come into being 形成,产生,建立

  come to 来到(某地),共计,来参加(活动),谈到,恢复知觉

  come to a conclusion 得出结论

  come to an end 结束

  come to nothing(no good) 没有结果(没有好处)

  come up 走近;靠近,出现,(从土里)长出;发芽,被提及

  come up with 提出(建议、方法);相出

  come to life苏醒

  come on 过来,得了吧,[表示鼓励、催促等]快,走吧;开始,发生;进步,进展


  cut sth in half 把...砍成两半

  cut away砍掉,剪掉,削去,切除

  cut through 走近路,穿过

  cut down 砍倒,缩减,压缩(开支)

  cut off 切断(电力、煤气、自来水),中止(电话,思维),隔绝,切掉

  cut out 切除,删除

  cut up 切碎,使伤心

  cut in 插嘴,超车

  in a short cut 诀窍


  do a good deed 干得好,搞好工作

  do away with 消灭,清除,取消,破除

  do good 有好处,有用处,做好事

  do harm to有害处,不利

  do one a favour 帮个忙

  do one good对某人有好处

  do one’s best 尽力,竭力

  do the deed 付诸行动,生效

  do one’s duty 履行职责

  do up 收拾,整理,修理,打扮,包,捆,系

  do with 处理,需要,想,将就用

  do wonders 创造奇迹

  do wrong(right) 做错(对)

  have sth (nothing)to do with和……有(无)关


  dir from (因受伤、事故、严寒等身体外部原因)而死亡

  die of(因情感、饥寒、生病、年老等内部原因)而死亡

  die off 相继死去

  die away 声音变弱,渐渐模糊,逐渐消失

  die down 慢慢地熄灭(风,火),逐渐暗淡

  die out 熄灭,变弱,消失, (动物) 灭绝

  be dying for sth=long for 渴望拥有

  be dying to do 渴望去做


  for a while 暂时,一时

  for ever 永远

  for free免费

  for the moment暂时

  be famous for因……而著名

  have a gift for 对……有天赋

  make a plan for 为……作计划

  stand for 代表,象征

  in (one’s) search for 寻找(求)

  as for 关于,至于,就...方面说

  care for 喜欢,想要,照料

  change… for用……换

  fix a date for 约定……的日期


  give a talk 作报告,作演讲

  give birth to 生,产生

  give in to sb/sth 让步,屈服,妥协,投降,交上来

  give off 散发出(光、热、气温)

  give one’s life 献出自己的生命

  give sb a hand 帮某人忙

  give one’s regards(greetings) to向……问好

  give out 散发,分发,耗尽

  give up 放弃,献出,交出,投降,认输,泄气

  give back 归还

  give away 泄露,捐赠


  get about 到处走,消息的传开

  get across 穿过,使….理解,领会

  get away with侥幸做成,逃脱惩罚

  get accustomed to doing 习惯于

  get down to(doing)sth 开始认真干某事

  get/lay/put your hands on sth 得到、获得某物

  get along with sth 进展得

  get along with sb 相处

  get in 进去,进站,收获,上车

  get off 离开,下车 ,脱下

  get on 上车

  get on with 与某人相处

  get rid of  除去、摆脱

  get out 离开、出去

  get over 克服(困难),从病中恢复过来,不接from

  get around =spread 传开

  get through 完成,通过(考试),用完,从人群中通过,接通电话

  get to 到达,抓住问题的要害,本质

  get together 聚会,联欢

  get in a word 策划 ,插话

  get into trouble 陷入


  go after 追赶,追求

  go ahead进行,进展,干吧,说吧,先走

  go into 从事于,调查

  go beyond 超出

  go in for 爱好,从事

  go up 上升,建起,(物价)上涨

  go by =pass 经过,过去

  go down 下降

  go into 进入

  go off 消失,腐败,坏的

  go out (火)熄灭,过时了,罢工

  go over 复习,检查

  go through 经历(苦难)通过(考试),花掉,仔细查看

  go up 提高,上涨(价格)

  go around 分配,传播,传开

  go all out to do sth 全力以赴去做某事

  go back to 追溯到…

  go with 伴随,与….相协调

  go well with 协调

  go too far 太过分了,走太远了


  hold up阻碍,支持,支撑

  hold back 阻止,隐瞒

  hold off 延误,保持距离,使"疏远"

  hold on 坚持下去,等一等(别挂电话)

  hold out坚持,维持,给予

  hold to 坚持

  hold one’s breath 屏住呼吸


  in a flash 一刹那间

  in a word总之,简言之

  in a hurry 匆忙地,很快地

  in fact 事实上

  in a sense 从某种意义上说

  in a short while 不久,一会而后

  in all 总共,总的来说

  in any case不管怎样

  in battle 在战斗中

  in case如果,以防(有某种情况)

  in chains 上着镣铐,在囚禁中

  in charge of 主管,负责

  in common 共同,共用

  in danger 在危险中

  in debt 负债,欠帐

  in front 前方,正面对

  in front of在……前面

  in full 全文地,全部地

  in general 一般地说

  in honour of 为了纪念……,为向……表示敬意

  in modern time 现代,近代

  in one’s opinion 据(某人的)看法

  in order to(that) 为了

  in other words 换句话说

  in peace 平静地,安宁地

  in public 在公众面前,公开地

  in search of 寻找

  in (one’s) search for 寻找,寻求

  in return 作为报答

  in silence 沉默地,无声地

  in short(=in a word ) 总之

  in space 在宇宙空间

  in spite of 尽管

  in that 因为,原因是

  in that case 假如那样的话

  in the air 在空中

  in the charge 有……掌管

  in the course of 在……过程中

  in the day在白天

  in the day time在白天

  in the future 将来,以后

  in the end 最后

  in the meantime 与此同时

  in the middle (of) 在……中间

  in time 及时地

  in turn 轮流

  believe in 相信,信任

  bring in 引进,引来,吸收

  call in 召来,召集

  hand in 上交,递交

  hand in hand 并进,联合,手牵手

  drop in 顺便走访

  join in 参加,加入

  once in a while 偶尔,间或

  play a part in 在……起作用

  stand in line 站在队里

  succeed in (干……)成功

  take part in参加


  keep a promise 遵守诺言

  keep a secret 守秘密

  keep an eye on 留神照看

  keep watch 注意,警惕,提防

  keep back 扣下,隐瞒,忍住(眼泪)

  keep body and soul together 维持生活

  keep in mind 记住,想着

  keep off 避开,不踩

  keep one’s balance 保持平衡

  keep on doing不停的干某事(强调动作的反复性,可能有停顿)

  keep doing sth 不停的干某事(调动作的持续性)

  keep out 遮挡,使不入内

  keep silence 保持沉默(安静)

  keep away from 远离,不靠近

  keep sb from doing sth阻止某人做某事

  keep sb doing sth 使某人一直做某事

  keep up 保持,维持,继续(某活动)

  keep up with 不落在后面,跟上


  knock into sb 撞到某人身上;偶然遇到

  knock sth down 降低价格,拆除,缩减开支

  knock sb down 把某人撞倒

  knock sb up 匆匆做饭,敲门把某人叫醒,使某人疲倦

  knock at 敲(门)


  know about 了解,知道情况

  know of 听说,知道为什么

  be know for sth 以...出名

  as known to all 众所周知

  to the best of my knowledge 据我所知


  lay aside 放在…一边,积蓄

  lay down 放下,制定计划

  lay emphasis on sth 强调

  lay down one's life for 为...献出生命

  lay out 布置;设计,安排;筹划

  lay off 解雇


  leave alone 不要管(某人),不要碰(某物) ,让…静一静

  leave behind 遗留,把什么撇在后面

  leave off (使)停止;中断

  leave out 删掉,漏掉 ,省去,不考虑

  leave over 剩下的,暂时不去解决的


  let alone 不要管,不碰,更不用说

  let down 放下(窗帘),失望

  let off 燃放鞭炮,放掉蒸汽,放过某人

  let out 放掉气,发出响声,泄露

  let in允许进入,容许,许可


  look ahead 向前看,为未来打算

  look after 照料

  look at 看

  look back 回顾

  look in 顺便来访=drop in

  look into sth 调查,了解某事,浏览(书报)

  look on as= regard as把...看作...

  look out 小心,当心,向外看

  look around 到处看

  look over 审阅,翻阅

  look through 浏览,仔细地检查

  look up (从词典中)找出,天气转变,仰视

  look up to sb 尊敬某人

  look down on sb 轻视某人

  look down upon sb 轻视某人

  look forward to doing 期待


  make clear 说明,弄(讲)清楚

  make a decision 作出决定

  make a promise 答应,允诺

  make a plan for 为……作计划

  make a record 录制唱片

  make friends (with)(和…)交朋友

  make faces 做鬼脸

  make fun of 和 开玩笑

  make a noise 吵闹

  make it a rule 总是……

  make one’s way to(out of)向… 走去(从…走出)

  make up for 补偿

  be made of 由….制成(看得出原料)

  be made from 由….制成(看不出原料)

  be made up of 由….组成

  make phone of 嘲笑,和某人开玩笑

  make the best of 充分利用

  make up one's mind 决定,下决心

  make tea 泡茶

  make coffee 冲咖啡

  make off 逃跑,匆匆离开

  make use of 利用

  make sense 讲得通,很有意义

  make sure一定要,确保,核实,弄清楚

  be made in 在……地方制造


  pass away 消磨(时间) ,(委婉语)去世

  pass by 从某人身边经过,过去

  pass off 消失,顺利地进行;完成

  pass for 冒充,假扮

  pass on 传下去

  pass through 经历

  the pass of time/the years (时间、岁月的)流逝


  pick out 挑选,认出(某人),领会 ,看清楚

  pick up 捡起来,重新开始,接收信号,用车接某人,恢复健康 pick sb up=pick up sb


  pull sth down 拆除,推掉,

  pull sb down 使扫兴,贬低某人

  pull off 脱衣帽 , (成功地)实现…,

  pull off a plan 实现计划

  pull out 火车离站,度过难关,恢复健康

  pull throw 渡过难关,使从病中恢复过来

  pull up 车子停下,拔起(树、草)

  pull on穿,戴

  pull in火车进站,靠岸


  put away储存,存钱,收起来,把…放在原位

  put aside 把放在...留出(时间),备用

  put back 放在原处,推迟,延期

  put down 镇压,写下来,记下

  put forward 提出(建议),提前,把...向前拨

  put in 提交,申请(+for) ,加进

  put off 推迟,延期,

  put on 穿上,上演

  put through 接通电话

  put out 扑灭,关灯,生产,出版 ,伸出

  put up 张贴,留某人过夜,建造 ,举起

  put up with 忍受,容忍

  put into production 把...投入生产

  put into use 投入使用

  put one's heart into 全心全意投入

  put on weight 增加体重


  run across 穿过(轨道),偶然遇到

  run after 追赶,追求

  run away 逃走,失去控制

  run into sb 撞到某人

  run for 竞选

  run out of用完

  run over 匆匆浏览

  run through 穿过,匆匆看一下,做完

  run a risk of =at the risk of 冒...险

  run short of 缺乏


  send away 撵走,开除,解雇

  send for 派某人去请,去叫某人

  send off 发出,寄出

  send sb off =see sb. off 为某人送行

  send out 发出,发射,派遣

  send in 交上去,递送

  send on 转交

  send up 使….上升


  set about(doing)sth 着手做某事

  set out(to do sth)出发,开始做某事,陈述

  set apart使分离;使显得突出;留出,拨出(时间、金钱等)

  set force 阐述

  set aside 把…放在一边,省出、留出(钱,时间),暂不考虑

  set down 放下,写下

  set off 出发 ,使爆炸,引起,激起

  set up 建立 ,设置,安排,策划

  set fire to 放火烧

  set an example for 为某人树立榜样


  take away 拿走,离开

  take apart 拆开,拆卸

  take back 拿回来 ,使回忆起

  take back one's words 收回(刚讲的话)

  take A for B 把A误认为是B

  take in sth 接收,接纳,领会,理解

  take in sb 欺骗

  take off 起飞,取消 ,脱掉,(迅速)成功

  take on 呈现(面貌),承担

  take on sb 雇用

  take over 接管,接任

  take up 占据(时间,地方),从事于 ,拿起,对…感兴趣,继续

  take pride in =be proud of 引以为豪

  take turn 轮流

  take in turn 依次

  take a chance 碰运气

  take a lead 带头

  take effect 生效

  take charge of 负责

  take one's leave 告辞

  take (an active) part in(积极)参加

  take one’s place 坐某人的座位,代替某人的职务

  take place 发生,举行

  take possession of 占有,拥有


  turn back 翻回到+to

  turn around/round 转身

  turn down 拒绝,音量调低

  turn in 上交 ,呈交

  turn off 关掉,转弯

  turn on打开

  turn up 出现,到场,调高(音量,光亮,热度)

  turn oneself in 自首

  turn into 把...变成...,把...翻译成...

  turn over 翻转,仔细考虑,打翻

  turn out 结果是,制造出,生产出,培养出,关(煤气)

  turn sth over sb 把…移交给某人

  turn to 转向,求助于,翻到第几页

  turn to sb for help 求助于

  turn against 背叛

  turn by one's 轮流,交替

  in one's turn 轮到某人做某事

  it is one's turn to do sth 轮到某人做某事


  wear sb out 使某人精疲力尽

  wear sth out 使某物被穿破/用旧

  wear off 慢慢地消失掉,褪掉

  wear away 磨损,(时间)消逝

  wear on (时间)消逝


  work on 从事于,努力做

  work out 算出(总数)

  work at从事于,致力于.

  work in with 配合


  all the way 全程,一直地

  ask the way 问路

  by the way 顺便说(问)

  by way of 取道,经由

  have a long way to go 还有很长的路

  in a(one) way 在某一方面

  in some way 在某种程度上

  in a bad way 身体状况不好,情况不妙

  in any way 在任何(哪)方面

  in every way 在各方面,以各种方式

  in many ways 在很多方面

  in no way决不

  lead the way 带路

  make one’s way to 向……走去

  lose one’s way 迷路

  make way for 给……让路

  on the way (to)=on one’s way to 在(去)……路上


  be angry with 对……发脾气

  be busy with 忙于

  be fed up with 厌倦

  catch up with 赶上

  deal with 处理,对付

  be in love with 与……相爱

  get on well with 与……相处融洽

  keep in touch with 与……保持联系


  break one’s word不信守诺言,失信

  keep one’s word 信守承诺

  eat one’s words 承认说错了,收回自己的话

  have a word(a few words)with 和……说句(几句)话

  have a word in one’s ear 给某人说悄悄话

  have words with 与…争吵

  in other words 换句话说

  in a/one word 简言之

  in words 用语言,在口头上